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antimicrobial-spectrum-of-disinfectants

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The Antimicrobial Spectrum of Disinfectants
Chemical Disinfectants
Note: Removal of organic material must always precede the use of any disinfectant.
Acids
(hydrochloric
acid,
acetic acid,
citric acid)
Alcohols
(ethyl alcohol,
isopropyl alcohol)
Aldehydes
(formaldehyde,
paraformaldehyde,
gluteraldehyde)
most susceptible
Alkalis
(sodium or
ammonium
hydroxide,
sodium
carbonate)
Phenolic
Biguanides
Halogens
Oxidizing Agents
(chlorhexidine®, hypochlorite iodine (hydrogen peroxide, Compounds
Nolvasan®,
peroxyacetic acid, (Lysol®,Osyl®,
Amphyl®,
Chlorhex®,
Trifectant®, Virkon-S®,
TekTrol®,
Virosan®,
Oxy-Sept 333®)
Pheno-Tek II®)
Hibistat®)
Quaternary
Ammonium
Compounds
(Roccal®, Zepharin®,
DiQuat®, Parvosol®,
D-256®)
mycoplasmas
gram-positive bacteria
gram-negative bacteria
susceptibility of microorganisms
to chemical disinfectants
pseudomonads
rickettsiae
a
enveloped viruses
chlamydiae
non-enveloped viruses
fungal spores
picornaviruses (i.e. FMD)
parvoviruses
acid-fast bacteria
b
bacterial spores
d
c
coccidia
most resistant
LEGEND
prions
highly effective
effective
no activity
limited activity
information not available
a–varies with composition
b–peracetic acid is sporicidal
c–ammonium hydroxide
d–some have activity against coccidia
DISCLAIMER: The use of trade names does not in any way signify endorsement of a particular product. For additional product names, please consult the most recent Compendium of Veterinary Products.
ADAPTED FROM: Linton AH, Hugo WB, Russel AD. Disinfection in Veterinary and Farm Practice. 1987. Blackwell Scientific Publications; Oxford, England; Quinn PJ, Markey BK. Disinfection and Disease
Prevention in Veterinary Medicine, In: Block SS, ed., Disinfection, Sterilization and Preservation. 5th edition. 2001. Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins: Philadelphia.
www.cfsph.iastate.edu
ASOD_2010
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